# I/V graph of Thermistor

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Thermistor (Negative Temperature Coefficient Type, NTC)

• From the I-V curve, the ratio V/I decreases for increasing current. Resistance decreases with increasing current.

Reason: The thermistor is a resistance element made of semiconductor material. Increased potential difference across the thermistor results in increased current which in turn causes the temperature to rise. As the temperature rise, the lattice ion’s vibration increases and reduces the drift velocity of the charged particles. However, the number of freed electrons and holes due to the temperature increase is more significant than the reduction in drift velocity. Hence, resistance of NTC thermistor decreases with increase in temperature. Another type of thermistor, positive temperature coefficient type (PTC), exists as well. PTC type thermistors’ resistance increases as temperature increases.

Metals have positive temperature coefficients.

Important:
Gradient of I-V curve is not equal to the resistance of the component. Resistance is ratio of potential difference to current. $R = \frac{V}{I}$ and NOT $\frac{dV}{dI}$ ### 4 thoughts on “I/V graph of Thermistor”

1. Hi
This website was very informative for me
I would be thankful if you answer me a question
Is i-v graph different from v-i graph?

• Yes. You will need to inverse the i-v graph to get the v-i graph.

2. • 