Magnetic Flux Density

Magnetic flux density (B) is defined as the force acting per unit current per unit length on a wire placed at right angles to the magnetic field.

  • Units of  B is Tesla (T) OR $Kg \, s^{-2} \, A^{-1}$
  • B is a vector quantity


$B = \frac{F}{I l}$, where

  • F is the total force acting on the wire,
  • $l$ is the length of the wire,
  • $I$ is the current flowing through the wire.


1 Tesla is defined as the magnetic flux density of a uniform magnetic field when a wire of length 1m , carrying a current of 1A, placed perpendicular to the field, experiences a force of 1N in a direction at right angles to both the field and the current.


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