Nuclear Fusion

Nuclear fusion is the combining of the two light nuclei to produce a heavier nucleus. A large amount of energy is released during the process because the average binding energy per nucleon of the product has a greater binding energy per nucleon than the two light nuclei before fusion. Fusion is a difficult process to achieve because of the strong …

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Nuclear FIssion

Nuclear fission is the disintegration of a heavy nucleus into two lighter nuclei of approximately equal masses. Energy is released in the process because the average binding energy per nucleon of the two fission products (daughter nuclei) is greater than that of the parent nucleus.

Nuclear Reactions

A nuclear reaction involves the rearrangement of the nuclear constituents. In all nuclear processes, the following quantities are conserved: nucleon number proton number (charge) mass-energy momentum Induced nuclear reactions occur when a nucleus changes as a result of being struck by a particle. If the products have greater mass than the reactants (nucleus and incident particle) before the reaction, then …

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Binding Energy Per Nucleon And Nuclear Stability

The binding energy per nucleon of a nucleus is the binding energy divided by the total number of nucleons. Measure of stability of the nucleus. Larger the binding energy per nucleon, the greater the work that must be done to remove the nucleon from the nucleus, the more stable the nucleus Graph of the variation of binding energy per nucleon …

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Binding Energy

When a nucleus is separated into its individual constituents, the sum of the masses of its individual constituents, is always greater than the total mass of the nucleus. The nuclear binding energy of a nucleus is defined as the work done on the nucleus to separate it into its constituent neutrons and protons. mnucleusc2 + Binding Energy = mindividual particles …

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The Mass Defect

The mass defect of a nucleus is defined as the difference between the mass of the separated nucleons and the combined mass of the nucleus. To calculate the mass defect ΔM for a nucleus that has A protons and B neutrons: ΔM = Amp + Bmn – Mn, where mp = mass of a proton mn = mass of a …

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