This section deals with Electromagnetism at a level slightly higher than pre-university and is tailored towards first year Physics majors. Basic theories on Electromagnetism are re-visited and enhanced. Slightly more advanced theories of Classical Electromagnetism are introduced without most of the mathematical baggage. Derivations of simple Electromagnetism configurations are included as well. This is a very simple introduction to Classical Electromagnetism.

### Electric Charge & Electric Field

- Electric’s Charge & Coulomb’s Law
- The Electric Field As A Web
- Electric Field Of A Point Charge
- Electric Dipole
- Electric Field Lines
- Electric Field Of An Electric Dipole
- Electric Field Of A Ring Of Charge
- Electric Field Of A Line Of Charge
- Electric Field Of A Uniformly Charged Disk
- Electric Field Of Two Oppositely Charged Infinite Sheets

### Electric Potential

- Electric Potential Energy
- Electric Potential Energy With Several Point Charges
- Electric Potential
- Potential Gradient
- Electric Potential Of A Ring Of Charge
- Electric Potential Of A Line Of Charge
- Electric Potential Of An Infinite Line Charge
- Equipotential Surfaces

### Gauss’s Law

- Gauss’s Law (Simple Version)
- Coulomb Law To Gauss’s Law
- Usage Of Gauss’s Law
- Gauss’s Law For Conductors
- Electric Field And Potential Of Charged Conducting Sphere
- Electric Field Of A Uniformly Charged Sphere
- Using Gauss’s Law For Common Charge Distributions

### Capacitance & Dielectrics

- Capacitors And Capacitance
- Capacitors In Series And In Parallel
- Energy Stored In Capacitors
- Capacitance Of Spherical Capacitor
- Capacitance Of Cylindrical Capacitor
- Transferring Charge & Energy Between Capacitors
- Energy Stored In Spherical Capacitor
- Dielectrics In Capacitor

### Current, Resistance & Electromotive Force

- Current, Drift Velocity And Current Density
- Resistance And Resistivity
- Resistance Of A Cylindrical Resistor
- Electromotive Force & Power In Circuits

### Direct-current (DC) Circuits

For Kirchhoff’s Laws and its applications, please refer to DC Circuits (A Level).

### Magnetic Field & Magnetic Forces

- Magnetic Field & Motion Of Charged Particles In Magnetic Fields
- Hall Effect
- Magnetic Force On A Current Carrying Conductor
- Magnetic Force On A Curved Conductor
- Force & Torque On Current Loop In Magnetic Field
- Magnetic Field Lines & Magnetic Flux
- Magnetic Field Of A Moving Charge
- Magnetic Field Of A Current Element
- Magnetic Field Of A Straight Current Carrying Conductor
- Magnetic Field & Force Between Parallel Conductors
- Magnetic Field Of A Circular Current Loop
- Ampere’s Law
- Applications Of Ampere’s Law

### Electromagnetic Induction

- Electromagnetic Induction Experiments
- Faraday’s Law Of Induction & Lenz’s Law
- Examples Involving Faraday’s Law
- Motional Electromotive Force
- Induced Electric Field
- Displacement Current

### Inductance

- Mutual Inductance
- Self-Inductance & Inductors
- L-C Circuit
- Magnetic-Field Energy In Inductor
- L-R-C Series Circuit
- R-L Circuit

### Alternating Current

- Phasors & Alternating Currents
- Resistors, Inductors & Capacitors In A.C. Circuits
- L-R-C Series Circuit With A.C.
- Resonance & Power In A.C. Circuits

### Electromagnetic Waves

- Electromagnetic Spectrum & Sinusoidal EM Plane Waves
- Energy & Momentum In Electromagnetic Waves
- Standing Electromagnetic Waves

### Additional Readings: